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Harbin Travel Guide

Harbin Overview

Harbin, the capital city of Heilongjiang Province, located in the south of Heilongjang province in northeast China, even the northeastern Asia with longitude of 125 ° 42 '- 130 ° 10', north latitude of 44 ° 04 '- 46 ° 40', is also called Oriental Moscow and Oriental Paris and reputed as Ice City, the Eldest Son of the Public, the Pearl City on the Swan's Neck, Capital of Music, which is the center of Heilongjiang's political, economic, educational and cultural life taking a very important position in China of history and nowadays and vital role of communications between South and North Asia as well the regions of Europe and the Pacific Ocean.

Lying on the east of the Songnen Plain, Harbin is the important commodity grain production base and ideal area of food processing industry and agricultural economy in China which own vast fertile land in abundant rain and sunshine. It is the suitable area to plant edible crops and textile crops.
Suitable on the northernmost of China, Harbin is cool in summer but serve cold in winter. It becomes one of the most popular summer resorts in sweltering summer around China, and the Sun Island Scenic Resort is the best choice for summer tour in Harbin. In cold winter, Harbin is turning to word of ice and snow attracting tourists from home and aboard. The Harbin Ice and Snow Festival is hold annually in January and last for over a month since 1983. The best attractions of ice artworks are in Harbin Ice and Snow World, Ice Lantern Garden Party, Sun Island Scenic Area, Yabuli International Ski Resort, Zhaolin Park.   

Harbin was the birthplace of Jin (1115-1234) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties; the name of “Harbin” comes from “Aleijin” in Manchu language meaning of reputation and honor. The rising of modern Harbin is starting in later 19 century and beginning of 20 century. This is a city ever without city wall and a city with earliest open consciousness in modern China and become internationalization soon later. In over one hundred years ago, Harbin was a small fish village on the riverside of Songhua River. The small village takes an unimaginable development after the Middle East Railway constructed along Songhua Rive in 1896. Commerce flourishing, consulate buildings standing along the city, domestic and foreign businessmen hustling and bustling in the city, Harbin quickly became the “small Paris in Oriental” within 30 years.
In early 20 century, Harbin has been the international port. There are 160,000 immigrants from 33 countries migrated in Harbin, 19 countries set consulates in this place which enriching the culture of Harbin with exotic buildings and cultural life as well as promoting the economic development in this area. After the founding of new China, Harbin became an important industrial base and rapidly transit to an emerging industrial city from consumer city.
Harbin today is largely an industrial city but improving relations with Russia have resulted in flourishing trade and a miniboom in cross-border tourism. The vast majority of foreign faces on the streets are Russian; the Chinese call them lao maozi(hairy ones).They will no doubt call you this as well, or speak to you in Russian, whether you are Russian or not.

Harbin Tour Packages

Harbin Tour Guide

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